words 'Initiation' in the west and 'Diksha' in India are not synonymous.
The words do not express completely the same meaning. India's
spiritual characteristics and cultures are intrinsically different
from the cultures prevalent in other countries in this world.
Very often Indians find difficulty in using appropriate words
to express their thoughts in other languages. This is because
of the prevalence of materialistic way of thinking in other countries
after about sixty years of independence, we are to face dominance
of the western culture in India and day by day the influence of
foreign culture is increasing.
understand the implication of spiritual thoughts peculiar to India,
it seems necessary to introduce some words in their languages.
As per English Oxford dictionary, 'Initiation'
means: admitting or introducing somebody to membership of
a group etc, often by means of a special ceremony e.g. initiate
somebody into a religious sect, secret society, etc. By
the word 'initiation', externally it seems to be at par with 'diksha'
for mentioning the words group, religious sect and secret society.
definition of 'diksha' is given in Hari-bhakti-vilas referring
evidence from 'Vishnujamala':
divyam jnanam yato dadyat
kuryat papasya samksayam
tasmat dikseti sa prokta
desikais tattva kovidaih
'The procedure by which self-effulgent knowledge (Divine Knowledge)
is conferred, eradicates the cause of all sins and because of
that it is stated as 'diksha' by the wise who have realized the
Divinity.' In the word diksha, the knowledge is divine and self-effulgent,
which indicates that self-effulgent knowledge descends through
bona fide preceptorial channel from Supreme Lord.
Sin is the cause of sufferings. Cause of sin is desire for committing
sin. Misconception of self is the cause of desire for committing
sin. Nescience is the cause of misconception of self and aversion
to Absolute Knowledge is the cause of nescience. So the root cause
of sin is aversion to Sree Krishna, Who is All-Existence, All-Knowledge
and All-Bliss. This Divine Knowledge only can be imparted by a
bona fide Guru, the absolute-counterpart and grace-incarnate form
of Supreme Lord. This implication of diksha is not clearly mentioned
in the word initiation. Divine knowledge descends to a completely
surrendered soul through revelation. One who has got realization
of Supreme Lord can impart that self-effulgent knowledge to others
also, provided the aspirant has complete submission to Lord and
His Absolute Counterpart Guru. Conditioned
souls of the world are not eligible to impart or to get that Transcendental
Guru must have two qualifications as mentioned in Mundaka Sruti
are (1) Srotriyam- Well-versed in Sruti sastras- the Vedas and
other allied scriptures, another interpretation of Srotriyam is-
blessed by the descent of the Divine knowledge through preceptorial
channel and (2) Brahma-Nistham- must have realization of Divinity.
Only academic or theoretical knowledge is not sufficient, he must
have practical realization also.
After eight million births we have got this precious human birth,
Supreme Lord is pleased by creating human beings because human
beings have got the discriminating power between eternal and non-eternal,
good deeds and bad deeds, they have got the capability to worship
Lord. But other living beings have got no such conscience, discriminating
power. So it is said 'Shubhasya shighram, ashubhasya kalaharanam'-
when there will be good desire, we should do it immediately, otherwise
later there might be some hindrance and obstacle to it and when
there will be evil desire, you should make late to do it, you
should not do it immediately- this is Ravana's advice to Lakshman.
There is no guarantee that next we shall get human birth.
is stated in the Gita (8.6):
yam yam vapi smaran bhavam tyajaty ante kalevaram
tam tam evaiti kaunteya sada tad-bhava-bhavitah
Whatever we shall think at the time of death, we shall get
birth accordingly. The votary should have firm faith in God- Supreme
Lord Sri Krishna. Supreme Lord is One, He cannot be many. Even
a particle cannot be outside Krishna. He is the only sustainer
and maintainer. By serving Him we serve all. If we pour water
at the root of the tree, all parts of the tree will be nourished,
if we give food to the stomach, all parts of the body will be
nourished, like that we should have firm faith- by serving Him
we serve all. Without serving Him, Who is the Prime Cause of all
causes, we can neither do any good to ourselves nor to others,
but only the valuable time of precious human birth will be unnecessarily
has stated in the Gita (9.24) - 'aham hi sarva-yajnanam bhokta
ca prabhur eva ca'- I am the only Master and Enjoyer. Srila
Rupa Goswami has stated in 'Sri Laghubhagvatamrita':
Visnos tu trini rupani purushakhyany atho viduh
ekam tu mahatah srashtri dvitiyam tv anda-samsthitam
tritiyam sarva-bhuta-stham tani jnatva vimucyate
Here in this world we see male and female living beings,
but actual Purush (male) is Supreme Lord and all living beings
are the outcome of His energy (prakriti), tatastha sakti (marginal
potency). When we see Supreme Lord as Purush (male) then we will
be delivered from this maya, we shall have no desire to enjoy
aspirant should associate with bona fide sadhu to get firm faith
in God and worship God with different devotional forms to satisfy
Him- mainly nine forms of devotion of which Nama-sankirtan is
the best. We are to accept that which is congenial for His service
and give up that which is prohibited viz. gambling, any kind of
intoxication, illicit connection with women, eating meat, onion,
garlic etc. which increase raja-guna and tama-guna such as onion,
garlic etc. Harinam is medicine, remedy of the disease and food
should be Prasad- so that which cannot be offered to God, we cannot
take. This basis should be there before taking Harinam initiation.
In addition, we should observe devotional vows viz. Ekadasi tithi,
Janmashtami tithi, Advent Anniversary of Gauranga Mahaprabhu,
Narasingha Chaturdasi, etc. We should wear Tulasi (holy basil)
two kinds of Guru- (1) 'So-called guru' who initiates to get worldly
benefits for himself and his disciples. A bona fide Guru does
not think himself as Guru while giving mantra to disciples. Outwardly
it is seen that somebody is giving mantra and instruction and
some persons are taking mantra for worship of God. But actually
a real Guru never makes disciples with the ego of being Guru.
He always serves his object of worship. Krishna is highly satisfied
if those conditioned souls who are averse to Him, accept rules
and regulations to serve Him.
of showing the actual path of eternal welfare to the aspirants
or votaries is the greatest service of Krishna. Outside person
by seeing the ceremony may think that one is giving mantra as
Guru and other is taking mantra as disciple. True eternal servant
of Krishna, wherever they may stay, their ultimate goal is to
serve Krishna and His devotees and not for any other ulterior
motives. There is a gulf of difference between a bona fide Guru
and a pseudo guru- one is serving Krishna, his target is to satiate
Krishna and other's motive is to get mundane non-eternal benefit.
give mantra with mundane ulterior motives are to suffer for the
sinful acts of the disciples because they are not doing it for
Supreme Lord's satisfaction. But the surrendered souls who are
giving mantra as per direction of Guru and Gauranga for Their
satisfaction, cannot get the fruits of the sinful actions of the
so-called disciples. As God is Omniscient and controller of the
fruits of actions, so nobody can deceive Him.
souls who are entangled by illusory energy are unable to remove
their non-eternal desires imbibed in their hearts after passing
through numerous births. It is not possible for them to remove
the previous bad impressions by their own efforts. But if they
take shelter to the lotus feet of a bona fide Guru without deceitfulness,
by Guru's grace their spiritual life will be successful. Even
Krishna has given warning in the Gita (9.30):
api cet su-duracaro bhajate mam ananya-bhak
sadhur eva sa mantavyah samyag vyavasito hi sah
A devotee who has taken absolute shelter to Supreme Lord Sri Krishna
and does not stop worshipping Krishna steadfastly, in case does
any abominable action due to the pressure of his previous bad
impressions caused by bad actions, should not be condemned or
censured for his evil deed, because he will have serious repentance
for his bad actions, he will pray continuously to Lord to forgive
him for the offence.
this pithy saying of Krishna proves how much love he has got for
the neophyte votaries who want to worship Him sincerely from the
core of their hearts. Lord has directed his personal associate
Arjuna to declare with pledge in the whole universe to all other
forms of worshippers, Karmi, Jnani, Yogi etc. and worshippers
of all other demigods that His worshipper will never be ruined,
instead he will become a great saint at the earliest and he will
get eternal bliss.
connection this is to be seriously noted that offence of a hypocrite
will never be forgiven, because his prayer to the Lord is only
an outward show, he cheats himself and cheats others. He does
not want eternal welfare. A deceitful person is ever doomed. It
is already stated earlier, 'Shubhasya Shighram, ashubhasya
There is no guarantee that we shall get human birth after our
present birth. Why one should take risk. Atleast if you do worship
sincerely for some years in the company of Sadhus, the association
will not go in vain. That good impression sometimes may not remain
permanently- but the momentum of good ideas in the heart will
come again with greater velocity.
So it is
better to start bhajan immediately rather than not doing anything.
Take absolute shelter and pray to Nityananda Prabhu and Gauranga
Mahaprabhu. They have come to rescue all and give the highest
Krishna prema to all, without consideration. Utter their names
and pray to Them. It is the nature of Supreme Lord to rescue the
surrendered souls. He has said in the Gita (6.40), 'Na hi
kalyana krit kascid durgatim tata gacchati'- 'A sincere soul
will never be deceived.'